1993: THE YEAR IN REVIEW
During 1993, the Ukrainian community mourned the passing of notable leaders
and activists, artists, scholars, editors and athletes, both in the diaspora
and in Ukraine. Among them were the following:
- Liudmyla Kovalenko Maniak, 57, a radio-journalist, magazine editor
and president of the All-Ukrainian Association of Researchers of the Genocidal
Famine of 1932-1933 (AUARGF). During the perestroika period, Ms. Kovalenko
Maniak joined her husband, Volodymyr, in interviewing survivors of Nazi
depredations and the Stalinist terror in Ukraine. The gathered testimonies
and documentary material about the famine of 1932-1933 and other atrocities
perpetrated by the Soviet regime were compiled and co-edited to form the
first volume of the commemorative monograph, "Famine 33," published
in 1990. Ms. Kovalenko Maniak was elected to replace her husband, following
his death in a bus accident on June 23, 1992, as head of AUARGF. - Kyyiv,
- Ivanna Vynnykiv-Nyzhnyk, 81, artist. A student of the noted Oleksa
Novakivsky in Lviv in the 1930s, upon emigrating at the end of the second
world war, Ms. Vynnykiv-Nyzhnyk gained wide acclaim in the French artistic
community for her work in painting, ceramics and weaving. In the 1960s,
she was taken on at Pablo Picasso's ceramics workshop. Settling in Paris
in 1948, she met Volodymyr Vynnychenko and his wife and was invited to
live with them on their estate in Mougins in southern France. Ms. Vynnykiv-Nyzhnyk
bequeathed her assets, including the Vynnychenko estate in Mougins, which
she inherited upon Mrs. Vynnychenko's passing, and her artwork to the Novakivsky
Museum in Lviv. - Mougins, France, January 10.
- Alex Holub, 44, cabaret singer, known professionally as Alex. During
his brief but illustrious career since his coming to this country in 1981,
he performed at numerous Ukrainian community events and venues, as well
as in well-known New York City night clubs. His repertoire included Ukrainian
songs, especially songs by the late Volodymyr Ivasiuk. A native of Rivne,
Ukraine, he was a singer with the Ternopil Philharmonic. - New York, March
- Joseph Smindak, 77, past president of the Ukrainian Youth League of
North America. Mr. Smindak headed UYLNA, the foremost youth organization
of its day that focused its activity on cultural, education and sports
activity, in 1953-1954. - Manhasset, N.Y., March 29.
- Michael William Chepesiuk, 85, athlete. A native of Fort William, Ontario,
Mr. Chepesiuk was winner of a gold medal in wrestling competition (174-lb.
division) at the 1930 British Empire Games (forerunner of the Commonwealth
Games). In 1930-1934, he played football at the guard position with the
Toronto Argonauts. A member of the 1933 Grey Cup championship team, he
was named to the league's all-star team in 1934. - Kelowna, British Columbia,
- Pierre Beregovoy, former prime minister of France. A native of Normandy,
the son of a Ukrainian immigrant, Mr. Beregovoy rose from humble working
class origins to serve as France's minister of finance in 1984-1986 and
again in 1988-1992, and as prime minister from April 1992 until his resignation
in March 1993, following the defeat of his Socialist Party in parliamentary
elections. Burdened with the defeat of the Socialist party and with allegations
about an interest-free loan to buy a modest Paris apartment, Mr. Beregovoy
was led to commit suicide. - Nevers, France, May 1.
- Dr. Stephen Mamchur, 84, sociologist. A second-generation Ukrainian,
Dr. Mamchur received a doctorate from Yale in 1942 and was professor of
sociology at Wayne State University for many years. He was one of the founders
of the Detroit Graduates Club, the oldest Ukrainian professional and business
society in the United States. A contributor to the Ukrainian Weekly, under
the nom de plume Burma Capelin, he penned "Potpourri," an insightful
column on acculturation, assimilation, group behavior and organizational
development. - Detroit, February 16.
- Sviatoslav Hordynsky, 86, artist, iconographer, translator, art and
literary critic. A student of the Oleksa Novakivsky Art School in Lviv,
he continued his studies in Berlin and in Paris. A co-founder of the Association
of Independent Ukrainian Artists, Mr. Hordynsky edited its journal, Mystetstvo,
and organized its art exhibitions. Upon emigrating to the U.S. in 1947,
Mr. Hordynsky assisted in the founding of the Ukrainian Artists' Association,
serving as its president from 1956 to 1963. Mr. Hordynsky is credited with
the iconography of some 50 churches throughout North America and Europe.
His most important contributions to the history of Ukrainian art are "Ukrainian
Churches in Poland" (1969) and "The Ukrainian Icon of the 12th
to 18th Centuries" (1973). Mr. Hordynsky also served as the art subject
editor and contributor to the Entsyklopediya Ukrainoznavstva and the Encyclopedia
of Ukraine. - Verona, N.J., May 8.
- Stephen Juba, 78, former mayor of Winnipeg. Mr. Juba served as mayor
of Winnipeg for 21 years, the longest tenure in the city's history. Mr.
Juba became one of Canada's most flamboyant and well-known mayors. Elected
to the Manitoba Legislative Assembly for Winnipeg Centre in 1953, he won
the mayoral elections in 1956. Mr. Juba received the Order of Canada in
1970, thus breaking an Anglo-Saxon-only tradition that began in 1874. -
Winnipeg, May 5.
- Ivan Honchar, 82, sculptor and ethnographer. A sculptor since the 1930s,
Mr. Honchar's collection of over 3,000 historical and ethnographic artifacts
gathered in the private museum which he set up in his home in 1960 attracted,
on the one hand, persecution by Soviet authorities and the attention of
vandals (his house being set ablaze on numerous occasions in the 1970s
and again in the 1990s) and, on the other, visitors from throughout Ukraine
and the diaspora for whom Mr. Honchar's home became a cultural mecca. Mr.
Honchar's petition of Ukrainian government officials to appropriate and
secure facilities for his collection did not meet with a response. Mr.
Honchar's 16 volumes of ethnographic material remain unpublished. - Kyyiv,
- Charles Mikolaycak, 56, illustrator of children's books and book designer.
His illustrations, often inspired by his Polish and Ukrainian heritage,
were widely acclaimed for their rich color and evocative design. Among
his many honors were the American Library Association Notable Book Award
(1975,1980), and The New York Times Best Illustrated Children's Book Award
(in 1984 for "Babushka: An Old Russian Folk Tale" (Holiday House),
which he wrote and illustrated). - New York, June 25.
- Jaroslaw Dobrowolskyj, 50, attorney. Mr. Dobrowolskyj, president of
the Ukrainian American Bar Association of Michigan, worked for Wayne County
Legal Services and was in private practice specializing in criminal law.
Since 1987, he worked tirelessly to uncover information that would clear
the accused John Demjanjuk of war crimes charges. - Warren, Michigan, July
- Myron Levytsky, 79, painter, editor, journalist and educator. A prolific
and varied painter, illustrator and graphic artist as well as noted iconographer,
Mr. Levytsky has been credited with modernizing Ukrainian sacred art. A
native of Lviv, he studied at the Novakivsky Art School in 1931-1933, and
the Krakow Academy of Arts. In Lviv, he worked as illustrator, publisher
and editor, as well as war correspondent of the 1st Galician Division's
newspaper, Do Peremohy (1943-1944). He emigrated to Canada in 1949 and
continued his work as illustrator. His sojourn in Paris (1956-1958) resulted
in his first one-man show at the Galerie Ror Valmar and considerable acclaim
in the French press. Solo exhibitions followed throughout the 1960s to
1980s in Canada and the U.S., and in 1992 in Ukraine. - Toronto, July 17.
- Atanas Figol, 85, prominent civic activist, Plast leader, editor, publisher,
politician, a mathematician and economist by training. Dr. Figol served
as the Ukrainian Central Committee's representative in Germany. He was
a member of the Lisovi Chorty Plast fraternity and was president of the
Union of Ukrainian Scouts in exile. He was director of Molode Zhyttia,
publishers of Entsyklopedia Ukrainoznavstva, a project to which he dedicated
the rest of his life, working with the late Volodymyr Kubijovyc as business
manager of the Shevchenko Scientific Society in Europe and editor of its
bulletin Visti iz Sarseliu (News from Sarcelles). - Munich, July 31.
- John Stashuk, 70, leading activist among British Columbia Ukrainians.
A native of Winnipeg, Mr. Stashuk was president of the Ukrainian Professional
and Business Association of Vancouver, vice-president of the B.C. Ukrainian
Professional and Business Federation, president of the Vancouver branch
of the Ukrainian Canadian Congress, and initiator and president of the
B.C. Provincial Council of the Ukrainian Canadian Congress since 1990.
He was also a founding director and president of the Canadian Foundation
of Ukrainian Studies (1983-1987). - Vancouver, August 7.
- Zenon Feszczak, 62, deputy director of the Port of History Museum in
Philadelphia. A graduate of the University of Pennsylvania with an M.F.A.
degree, Mr. Feszczak worked as design director and later as deputy director
of the Port of History Museum organizing and curating numerous exhibits.
Since 1977, Mr. Feszczak contributed his talent over the years to design
many of the most memorable exhibitions at The Ukrainian Museum in New York,
among them: "Ukrainian Pysanky," "Traditional Design in
Ukrainian Textiles," "Ukrainian Ritual Cloths," "Lost
Architecture of Kiev," "To Preserve A Heritage: The History of
the Ukrainian Immigration to the United States," and "Masterpieces
in Wood: Houses of Worship in Ukraine." - Philadelphia, August 5.
- Walter Tarnopolsky, 61, judge and rights scholar. A native of Saskatchewan,
Justice Walter Tarnopolsky of the Court of Appeals for Ontario was a graduate
of the University of Saskatchewan as well as of Columbia University and
the London School of Economics. A leading Canadian scholar on human rights
and civil liberties. Justice Tarnopolsky held academic posts in leading
Canadian law schools and was president or the Canadian Civil Liberties
Association and chairman of the Civil Liberties Section of the Canadian
Bar Association. Judge Tarnopolsky was active also in the Ukrainian community
in Canada, serving as head of the Canadian Committee for the Defense of
Political Prisoners and as president of the Canadian Foundation for Ukrainian
Studies. Mr. Tarnopolsky served as adviser on Ukraine's new constitution
and on the board of directors of the Ukrainian Legal Foundation in Kyyiv.
- Toronto, September 15.
- Roman Danyluk, 67, UACC treasurer, Ukrainian Fraternal Association
officer. He was president of the Ukrainian National Home in New York and
vice-president of the Veterans of the 1st Division of the Ukrainian National
Army. He served as chief coordinator of commemorations marking the 50th
anniversary of the Galicia Division. - New York, September 26.
- Hanna Korenets, 86, prominent Plast leader and organizer. A pharmacist
by profession, Ms. Korenets dedicated her life to Plast. In 1927, she joined
the sorority "Ti Shcho Hrebli Rvut" which she subsequently headed
for 50 years. Ms. Korenets remained active in Plast after it was banned
and forced underground by Polish authorities in the 1930s and during World
War II. With the re-establishment of Plast in Germany in 1945, Ms. Korenets
served as leader of the Association of Emigre Ukrainian Plast Members in
Germany and as member of the Supreme Plast Command. Upon emigrating to
the United States, she continued as member of the Supreme Plast Council
and director of counselor training. - Chicago, November 6.
- Anna Sten, 85, Hollywood's first Ukrainian-born film star. Born in
Kyyiv, daughter of ballet master Petro Fesak and a Swedish actress, at
age 15, Ms. Sten was discovered by Stanislavsky, who took her to Moscow's
Russian Film Academy. She toured with the Moscow Art Theater to great acclaim
and starred in four Soviet films in the late 1920s. Her role as Dostoyevsky's
Grushenka in "The Murderer Dimitri Karamazov" (1931), a film
directed by her husband, made her into a cult figure. Captivated by her
professionalism and intensity, Hollywood's Sam Goldwyn took her to the
U.S. in 1932, hoping to create another Greta Garbo or Marlene Dietrich.
Though critically acclaimed, Ms. Sten was not as successful at the box
office in her American films. Mr. Goldwyn stuck by Ms. Sten until she became
known as "Goldwyn's folly." Ms. Sten made films until 1962 and
continued to appear in many stage productions. - New York, November 16.
Copyright © The Ukrainian Weekly, December
26, 1993, No. 52, Vol. LXI
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