The first man-made famine in Soviet Ukraine 1921-1923

Much has been written in recent years about the man-made famine that ravaged Ukraine in 1932-1933 and caused the deaths of 7 million to 10 million people. This is in stark contrast to the largely ignored famine of 1921-1923 – the first of three famines that Ukraine’s population has suffered under the Soviet Communist regime, and a famine that, contrary to popular belief, was not caused by drought and crop failures, but by the policies of the Soviet state. What follows on the next few pages of The Ukrainian Weekly is a pull-out section about the 1921-1923 famine, featuring an article prepared and illustrations collected by Dr. Roman Serbyn, professor of Russian and East European history at the University of Quebec in Montreal. Prof. Serbyn is currently preparing an album of several hundred photographs and a monograph on the first man-made famine in Ukraine. He is co-editor with Dr. Bohdan Krawchenko of “Famine in Ukraine 1932-1933” (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukraine Studies, University of Alberta, 1986).

Shcherbytsky says famine was a result of collectivization of Soviet agriculture

(The Ukrainian Weekly, January 10, 1988, No. 2, Vol. LVI)

KIEV – Volodymyr Shcherbytsky, first secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine, stated on December 25 that famine in the 1930s was a consequence of the collectivization of Soviet agriculture. Speaking to a party meeting in Kiev on the 70th anniversary of Soviet rule in Ukraine, Mr. Shcherbytsky broke new ground in the debate over Joseph Stalin. Previously, General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev had criticized Stalin’s collectivization policies, but had not mentioned the famine.