A set of guidelines, known as the Nuremberg Principles, were created by the United Nations’ International Law Commission at the end of the World War II. They were first utilized during the Major War Criminals Trials that began November 20, 1945, and ended on October 1, 1946. Of the 24 Nazis indicted, 12 were sentenced to death by hanging, one in absentia, and the rest given prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life behind bars. Ten went to the noose on October 16, 1946. Remarkably, Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring managed to cheat the hangman by taking a cyanide pill the night before.